Taj Mahal – World Heritage Site
Taj Mahal Agra is one of the Seven Wonders of the World. It is is regarded by many as the finest example of Mughal architecture, a style that combines elements from Persian,Ottoman Turkish and Indian architectural styles. In 1983 it became a UNESCO World Heritage Site. To begin with, the question which arises first is Where is Agra? Agra is a former capital of India which is situated on the banks of river Yamuna in the northern state of the highly populated Uttar Pradesh, 363 kilometres west of state capital which is Lucknow and 200 kilometres south of the national capital New Delhi.
With a population of 1,686,976, it is one of the most populous cities in Uttar Pradesh and the 19th most populous in India. The next question can be Where is the Taj Mahal? The Taj Mahal is about one and a half miles away from Agra at the southern edge of the city at the banks of river Yamuna. The emperor Shah Jahan strategically chose this position as this way he could see it from his palace. As it was near Yamuna, not only did it qualify as a beautiful and scenic view but it also fulfilled the water needs at the time of it’s construction.
History of Taj Mahal
The History of Taj Mahal is such that it was made by Jahangir’s son and Akbar’s grandson, Shah Jahan. He built this in memory of his beloved wife, Mumtaz Mahal. He met her in Meena Bazar when he was 14 years old and she was 15 years old and it was love at first sight. He married her 5 years later in 1612. Mumtaz was always involved in the court affairs and he always paid heed to her advices. He had other wives later too but she was always her favourite.
When she died during her 14th childbirth in 1631, he was devastated and on her deathbed he promised her that he would never marry again and would build the richest mausoleum over her grave which he did in the name of the magnificent Taj Mahal. When in later life he was held captive by his own son Aurangzeb, he wished to be in a room from where he could see the it and when he died, he was buried alongside his darling Mumtaz.
Facts About The Taj Mahal
This Story has inspired many lovers since and still does so vehemently. Every year thousands of tourists come to see the Taj Mahal and admire its never fading beauty and the promise of love. During the British reign many government officials and British Soldiers deprived the its precious stones and lapis lazuli off its walls.
Taj Mahal also suffered a lot during the Indo-Pak war and is constantly threatened by the various environmental problems which are caused due to nearby industries. Be that as it may, Taj Mahal is still the most precious wonder of the world and makes India proud of its existence. Enjoy the look of Taj Mahal.